Lacto-fermented Pickles

Lacto-fermented Pickles

small-roots

Pickles are the easiest of the lacto-fermented vegetable recipes, so long as you choose firm vegetables like radishes, carrots and cauliflower. Cucumbers are tender and fermentation tends to make them mushy and unappealing. You can combat this by soak your cucumbers in cold water for a couple of hours before starting the pickling process and add a fresh grape leaf or two to the jar, but vinegar pickled cucumbers are still far superior. Stick with the firmer vegetables for reliable success.

Enjoy pickle vegetables with meat, beans, sandwiches or salads. I prefer pickles when they are fairly young, 1-3 months old. They keep better than some varieties of kraut, but they taste less “alive” when they’ve been sitting around for months.

You can experiment with alternative whole spices, such as caraway, cardamom pods, allspice and cinnamon sticks for different flavors.

Makes approximately 3 pints or 6 cups of pickles

Ingredients

1 pound of firm vegetables such cauliflower, icicle or Easter egg radishes, carrots, baby beets or green beans

1 cabbage leaf for every two containers

12 cloves of garlic

1 tablespoon of one or more of the following: whole mustard seed, dill seed, peppercorns, coriander seeds

3 cups recently boiled filtered or spring water

3 teaspoons of sea salt

1 probiotic capsule or 2 tablespoons of brine from a previous batch of pickles

Tools

3 sterilized pint-sized canning jars

1 quart or liter sized glass container

1 quart sized bowl for peels and pits

1 large cutting board

1 large sharp knife

Measuring cup

Measuring spoons

Large metal or plastic mixing spoon

Directions

  • The day before pickling, mix salt with recently boiled water in a quart sized container. Shake the jar vigorously a couple of times to encourage the salt to dissolve completely. The salt should be completely dissolved and the water cool when you are ready to start pickling.
  • Wash the vegetables and trim away stems, leaves and roots. Do not peel the vegetables unless they are really dirty since the skins provide some of the bacteria we want to grow. Slice cauliflower and other large vegetables into 1-2” bite-sized pieces.
  • Place four cloves of garlic, a teaspoon each of mustard, dill seed and peppercorns in the bottom of each jar. Fit as many soaked vegetables as you can into each jar. You can get artistic with the colors and arrangement. If you squeeze the vegetables in tightly, they will hold each other in place.
  • Add probiotic powder or brine  in each jar.
  • Fill the remainder of the jar with salt water leaving a ½ inch from the top. The vegetables should be fully submerged in liquid.
  • Fold half a cabbage leaf and squeeze it in to the mouth of each jar, covering the vegetables.
  • Screw the lids on your jars and store them in a cool place out of direct sunlight (65-80 F) for one week.
  • To check on your pickles, open a jar over the sink in case it overflows. They should smell tart and salty and fizz a little. If they smell bland and don’t fizz, they aren’t ready yet.
  • Move them to the refrigerator once you are happy with their level of fermentation. The cold will slow their development considerably.

 

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